Representative image . These can be represented as a change from Urdu language to Hindi language, but since the two languages are variants of Hindustani the proposal is effectively a cultural and ethno-religious proposal rather than a linguistic one. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs. The change was finally approved on December 23, 2000 15 and ended up being more drastic than anticipated. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Only the high court retains the old name today, The fomer capital of British India is the latest city to cast off its imperial past by changing its title. The juxtaposition of old and new, rich and poor, high-end retail and street fare was something to see. "We want to know our past. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. Kolkata was officially called Calcutta until 2001. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. An example of this is the renaming of predominantly Hindi-speaking Uttaranchal (Hindi: उत्तराञ्चल) to a new local Hindi name (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड Uttarakhand). The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. The name was changed by an act of the Indian parliament in 1997. Calcutta - Kolkata debate . The city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language but the official English name was only changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. The city's name was always pronounced "Kolkata" in the local Bengali language but the official English name was only changed from Calcutta to Kolkata in 2001. These changes did not generate significant controversy. We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. At this time, for example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala. With Mother Teresa in the headlines, so is the name of the city where she lived for decades. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. Calcutta's sorry image of a city of beggars and heartbreak would stick. Post-independence, the name Calcutta carried on till 2000 until the resolution was passed. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. The news says that Kolkata – the city of Joy is changing the name again. ", Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 "Mandi takes the name from Mandavya. It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. The name change was part of a wider movement to do away with the anglicised version of city names that were allocated by the British while they were in charge. I just made this change. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. Name changes have varied with respect to the levels of language at which they have been applied, and also accepted. The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period. Now comes the fun part. The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. It didn't really affect us much. In other words, the city itself is not actually renamed in the local language, and the local name (or endonym) in the indigenous languages of India does not change, but the official spelling in Indian English is amended. Unless we know our past, we cannot know ourselves or our own great Bengali nation, which has been slowly de stroyed for the last 200 years," says Azizul Haque, vice-president of the Bhasha Shahid Smarak Samiti, the language martyrs' memorial committee. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. Best Kolkata (Calcutta) B&Bs on Tripadvisor: Find 2,202 traveler reviews, 1,878 candid photos, and prices for 465 bed and breakfasts in Kolkata (Calcutta), India. Calcutta HC judges 'No' to change in name to Kolkata HC Mobile helping farmers get compensation for wildlife conflict Why keeping Vaccination Card up-to-date is … Tipu Sultan Mosque at the corner of Chowringhee Road and Dharmatala, was built in 1842, by Prince Gholam Mohammad, a son of Tipu Sultan. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. According to some, 'Kalikata' is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, which means Ground of Kali (the goddess) I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. To stand shorn of the colonial legacy is not that simple.". Image Courtesy: Remote Traveler. This also makes it the world's 8th largest metropolitan area as defined by the United … In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. There are two main views on the etymology of the name Hatibagan. According to one view, the elephants of the Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah were posted here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756. It didn't really affect us much. Internet was fast enough for research … In Kolkata January 14-27 2020, staying within 10 blocks of the Park Street area. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - … Other changes were only changes in some of the indigenous languages. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. India has various local languages. The confusion inherent in such variations has often res… But is it ... Calcutta? But the British called it Calcutta. In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. Similarly, Bombay, which was always called Mumbai in Marathi, was restored to Mumbai in 1996, and Pondicherry to Puducherry (meaning New Town). To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. • The southern state of Kerala led the way in changing place names to remove the colonial influence. However, Calcutta had always been pronounced Kolkata by Bengali speakers. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. Similarly, Calcutta was the anglicised name of Kolkata. In general, changes to the local names of cities in the indigenous languages are less common. Some of these changes coincided with the States Reorganisation Act of 1956, a major reform of the boundaries of India's states and territories that organised them along linguistic lines. "Unconsciousness was forced upon us; we were chained. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." However, the origins of the city’s name are still shrouded in mystery. Representative image . Kolkata, Bengali Kalikata, formerly Calcutta, city, capital of West Bengal state, and former capital (1772–1911) of British India.It is one of India’s largest cities and one of its major ports. Film-maker Mrinal Sen, who is revered as a cultural icon in Calcutta, said: "They say this is how we can get rid of the colonial legacy. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. This makes it the third largest city of India. The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. … The are a number of reasons why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata. How do you do that? Hatibagan. The land around Kali-kata was mainly swamp and the "pestilential city" was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling's poem City of Dreadful Night. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. Mumbai is in the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali. Each had to be approved by the central government in New Delhi. --(WT-en ) Evan 12:12, 2 Dec 2005 (EST) This article was the Collaboration of the week between 11 July 2006 and 17 July 2006. The changes, an editorial said, represented "a brownie point for obscurantist chauvinism". Different departments of the government may have used official spellings in use at the time, while locations associated with Indian railways mostly maintained British-era spellings. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. "The Ministry has not yet reverted back on the issue," a senior high court official said here today. Trivandrum, the state capital, became Thiruvanthapuram and Calicut became Kozhikode, which was its name when Vasco da Gama sighted the land in 1498, • The southern city of Madras reverted to Chennai , its name when the British East India Company established a trading post there in 1639, • When Bombay became Mumbai in 1996, the state threatened to prosecute any business that did not change its signs. Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel: I've tried many in Kolkata - This is my favorite - See 2,305 traveler reviews, 764 candid photos, and great deals for Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel at Tripadvisor. The bill also proposes to change the name of IIM Calcutta to IIM Kolkata. Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. ", "David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search (beta)", "How Bombay became Mumbai. India has various local languages. The name change is rather conveniently timed for the state's ruling communists, just weeks before India's general elections and at a time when Calcuttans may be losing faith in the cosmopolitanism that has defined the city. Some of these local name changes were changes made in all languages: the immediate local name, and also all India's other languages. Especially in Calcutta, which barely existed before the Raj. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. It was not technically true. Calcutta to Kolkata. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … It was not technically true. Such changes in English spelling may be in order to better reflect a more accurate phonetic transliteration of the local name, or may be for other reasons. [4] Since independence, such changes have typically been enacted officially by legislation at local or national Indian government level, and may or may not then be adopted by the Indian media, particularly the influential Indian press. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. This eventually went on to become the first capital of Union Jack India. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikitravel from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. Kolkata - Kolkata - Capital of British India: Calcutta did not become the capital of British India until 1772, when the first governor-general, Warren Hastings, transferred all important offices to the city from Murshidabad, the provincial Mughal capital. But the decision has not met with approval from all quarters. "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. I am curretly in Kolkata/Calcutta and can categorically state that the title Calcutta is obslete here. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. If that is the case, then Evan's argument still stands. Goodbye to the city of dreadful night, and the black hole of Calcutta. [7] Adoption may be slower among the media in India and abroad, and among Indian authors.[8][9][10]. I was enchanted. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the … It is on the east bank of the River Hooghly. And what's the difference? Still, it was not bad. Some discern the name as a reference to dharma, one of the units of the Buddhist Trinity. . [ 2 ] change its capital city 's name to Kolkata a city of beggars and would... That dialect 's internal reforms of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Roy. Later the name change has gone through the state government ( though the national parliament in New Delhi has to. Bengal decided to officially change its capital city 's name to Kolkata the was... Up being more drastic than anticipated in Rudyard Kipling 's poem city of India about Origin... ) is the second largest city of India changes to the city s... 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